Bible prophecy focuses upon three desolating sieges of Jerusalem: the Babylonian, the Roman, and the Russian.

The Babylonian Siege of Jerusalem: Prior to the coming of Nebuchadnezzar against the Jewish metropolis, "all the chiefs of the priests, and the people, trespassed very greatly after all the abominations of the nations; and they polluted the house of Jehovah which he had hallowed in Jerusalem. And Jehovah, the God of their fathers, sent to them by his messengers, rising up early and sending, because he had compassion on his people, and on his dwelling-place: but they mocked the messengers of God, and despised his words, and scoffed at his prophets, until the wrath of Jehovah arose against his people, till there was no remedy. Therefore he brought upon them the king of the Chaldeans, who slew their young men with the sword in the house of their sanctuary, and had no compassion upon young man or virgin, old man or hoary-headed: he gave them all into his hand" (2 Chron. 36:11-21). Jeremiah lamented the fall of Jerusalem saying, "Certainly this is the day that we looked for; we have found, we have seen it. Jehovah hath done that which he purposed; he hath fulfilled his word that he commanded in the days of old; he hath thrown down, and hath not pitied" (Lam. 2:16f.). This desolating Babylonian siege of Jerusalem was accomplished in 586 B.C.

The Roman Siege of Jerusalem: Vespasian was that apocalyptic equestrian who received the Roman Imperial crown during the Jewish Revolt of A.D. 67-70 (Rev. 6:1f.). The Roman siege of Jerusalem was commanded by Titus, the son of Vespasian. In his history of The Wars of the Jews, Josephus records: "And thus was Jerusalem taken, in the second year of the reign of Vespasian, on the eighth day of the month Gorpieus [Elul]. It had been taken five times before, though this was the second time of its desolation; for Shishak, the king of Egypt, and after him Antiochus, and after him Pompey, and after them Sossius and Herod took the city, but still preserved it; but before all these, the king of Babylon conquered it and made it desolate" (Wars VI. x. 1). Many of the prophecies of the Old and New Testament anticipate this desolating siege accomplished in A.D. 70 (Matt. 24:15-34).

The Russian Siege of Jerusalem: The only clear prophecy relating to this third and final siege against Jerusalem is a long term prophecy embedded as a literary digression in Revelation 20. Here John envisions the Magogites (aka. Scythians, Russians) encompassing "the once loved city" of Jerusalem in a final World War (Rev. 20:7-9). -DEL